A European report confirms the environmental benefits of the implementation of electric mobility in the continent: The concentration of nitrogen oxide will drop by 50% in 2030 and the emissions of transport rolled by 88% in 2050. Europe is moving decisively towards the new electric mobility, destined to banish the use of fossil fuels once and for all. If the current pace of implementation of electric cars and the forecasts managed by the experts are maintained, the results would be tangible in just a decade. This is clear from a report prepared by the European Climate Foundation, which has just put figures to the benefits for the continent of the new electricity-based economy. According to the study ‘ Driving the Future of Europe: How the oil transition strengthens the economy ‘, the replacement of fossil fuels in the automotive industry will achieve a substantial improvement in air quality in Europe. Nitrogen oxide emissions, generated mainly by diesel engines, will be reduced by almost half in 2030, from 1.3 million tons per year to 70,000 tons in just over a decade. The reduction of fine and superfine particles from diesel will also help to prevent up to 467,000 premature deaths due to air pollution on outdoor car covers.
Towards a world with fewer emissions
Electric mobility will also achieve a drastic reduction in the atmosphere of the volume of CO2, one of the main gases causing the greenhouse effect. The foundation calculates that by then 25% of the vehicles that will circulate on European roads will be fully electric and another 50% will use hybrid technologies. If the current trend of implementation in Europe continues, emissions from the exhaust pipes in Europe will be reduced by 88% by 2050. According to the analyzes of the European Climate Foundation, electric cars generate between two and three times less warming global than those of combustion throughout its life cycle, from production to its arrival at scrapping. In their calculations for Spain, the total direct CO2 emissions of passenger cars would be reduced from 50 million tons in 2017 to 37 in 2030 and only 5 million tons in 2050. This does not include the foreseeable increase in the weight of renewable in the production of electrical energy.
‘Decarbonizes’ the transport
27% of all emissions causing climate change in Europe come from transport, warns the European Environment Agency (EEA), which makes it the first emitter of greenhouse gases in the continent. “Reduce the use of fossil fuels in the Transport sector is key if we want to move forward in the path of the Paris agreements (against climate change),” explained the director of the European Climate Foundation.
The electric car will change the air we breathe in Europe
The reductions would be even greater if the implementation of the electric vehicle is combined with other measures such as the efficiency in the production of the batteries -where 40% of the total emissions are generated in their life cycle- and the use of the technology Vehicle to Grid (V2G) that allows energy to be exchanged between the line and the car itself depending on the needs of the network to optimize the supply at night, for example, when solar energy is not available. According to the study of the European Climate Foundation, an improvement in the cycle of manufacture of the batteries and their reuse would reduce the environmental impact of the electric between 20 and 25% by the year 2030. The transition to electric mobility, however, will require significant investments in infrastructure, warns the report of the European Climate Foundation, although they will soon be compensated for the benefits, economic, social and environmental. It is estimated that only the creation of an effective network of recharging electric vehicles in Europe will involve an outlay of 23,000 million until the year 2030. However, the replacement of internal combustion vehicles will allow a saving of 49,000 million only in fossil fuel imports in 2030 and will create up to 206,000 new jobs . In addition, the reduction of CO2 emissions will mean a reduction in the purchase of ‘carbon credits’ that Europe acquires from other less polluting countries to maintain its commitments against climate change, which will mean an increase in the GDP of the region of average additional point for 2050.
Around the world in zero emissions
The Dutchman Weber Wakker set himself a challenge two years ago: to travel the whole world in an electric car and show that electric mobility is possible. It has already traveled more than 52,000 kilometers across 31 countries. The Dutchman Weber Wakker, at 30, was tired of being a person who dreamed of the trips of others: he became obsessed surfing the web with the stories of people, even entire families, who had left their routine lives to throw the blanket to the head and travel the world. That was exactly what he wanted to do, but he also wanted his story to be different from the others. Put on a challenge And at a time when so many criticize the little autonomy of the electric car … Why not travel the planet in one for three years and show them that they are wrong?
That was the beginning of this epic adventure that would take him from the Netherlands to the capital of Australia, Sydney. He named his project Plug Me In (enchúfame), with the aim of showing the world that electric mobility is possible. The entrepreneur got sponsorships, and when he got ready his electric car based on a Volkswagen he named Blue Bandit (Blue Bandit), on March 15, 2016 he started his career. It has already traveled more than 52,000 kilometers across 31 countries and now leads through the last one, Australia. In the middle of this month he arrived in Orange. Before the oceanic country, it has crossed all of Europe, the Middle East and Southeast Asia.
Wiebe Wakker in his returns to the world zero emissions
He says that his journey, until now, has been possible thanks to the kindness of the people he has met along the way. Many have welcomed him into his house, and given him his electricity without expecting anything in return. “I never planned the route, it was defined according to the offers I received along the way,” he explains on his website. He created it so that people would offer their support. “One thousand six hundred people from 45 different countries registered and invited me , ” he explains. Wiebe lives on his trip with those who invite him to his house, both to plug the car and to sleep. His Volkswagen, modified by himself, had a diesel engine before. Now it has an electric one with 200 kilometers of autonomy (less than most of the current series models). In some developing countries had to charge at night or even tow the car to the next plug. But he assures that they were exceptional cases.
The most critical moments have been lived in India: “Electricity was not so reliable and was low voltage, so it could take a long time to charge a car, not to mention the power cuts.” It could take a few hours or days to load a car, “he said. In all this time and all these kilometers, he only had three failures: a puncture, a fault in the plug and problems for the water to cool the battery, which he solved in an Indonesian workshop … But for what he had to pay him a ticket from a plane to a trusted Dutch mechanic . “That has been my biggest unforeseen expense,” he says. Wiebe and around the world in a car zero emissions He has driven most by land “to make it as sustainable as possible”, although on occasion he had to put the car on a ferry and take a plane, for example, to get to Australia. Wakker says that Iran has been his favorite country “because of its hospitable people.” In the Arab Emirates he invited a sheik to his palace, and he even met with members of the Malaysian royal family. And what do you plan to do when your odyssey ends, in April? “I have it clear”, he says: “I want to be an expert in sustainable mobility”.
Around the world electric car
It is not the only initiative that has emerged to demonstrate that the electric car is a reality of the present. The 80 eDays Zero is a competition in which participants, as the name says, participate in an 80-day race with zero emissions. Everything started in 2012 from the idea of Rafael de Mestre, owner of a Tesla, to travel the world in 127 days with his car starting from Barcelona.
He decided to register each loading point along his route. In this way, people could follow their itinerary live and, in addition, could retrace their steps, demonstrating that long-distance driving is possible with electric cars. All recharging points were stored in the world’s largest recharging point database: electromaps.com . In 2016, a competition was organized in which participants had to follow the same steps as Mestre, traveling across three continents and 20 countries, to finish in Barcelona 80 days later . 11 teams from around the world participated.
He sustainability of the car is also calculated in advance: its creators have estimated an average of carbon emissions throughout its life cycle (which includes the manufacture of its components, for example) is 88% lower than that of combustion cars , and considerably lower than those of many traditional vehicles. For them, they have used recyclable carbon fiber and organic compounds in their structure and body. It will start at around 14,000 euros, so it will be revolutionary even in the price.
Expectations are very high ahead of its launch next year. And everything points to the Uniti One giving a lot to talk about. In any case, when he begins to roll down our streets and roads, the real test of fire will come for Horne and his team. “We have already fulfilled a dream because in just three years we have gone much further than we could ever have imagined “, recognizes this entrepreneur, and concludes: “This shows that you do not have to be so expert in a subject, or at least, not in the way many think. The key is to create something new, and be the first. Then you will be the greatest expert of all. “